What is color temperature: photography cheat sheet

Understanding color temperature is one of the crucial rules of photography you must learn before you can begin to break them.

So what is color temperature? In short, each light source has its own individual color, or ‘color temperature’, which varies from red to blue.

Candles, sunsets and tungsten bulbs give off light that’s close to red (hence the ‘warm’ look they give to pictures), whereas clear blue skies give off a ‘cool’ blue light. It’s fairly obvious stuff once you read it.

Color temperature is typically recorded in kelvin, the unit of absolute temperature. Cool colors like blue and white generally have color temperatures over 7000K, while warmer colors like red and orange lie around the 2000K mark.

When you set your camera’s white balance manually (find out how to make a custom white balance setting) you can choose from a number of pre-set color temperature options like Tungsten, Daylight, Cloudy and Shade, or customize your own setting.

Color Temperature Scale

(via DigitalCameraWorld)

List of Documentaries About Photography

Here’s a list of documentaries concerning photography.

Documentaries

About the author: Wirjo Hardjono is a photography enthusiast who enjoys finding and watching films about photography. This article originally appeared here.

(via Petapixel)

A Simple Explanation of the Metering and AE-Lock Features in Your DSLR

Want a better understanding of how the metering and AE-lock features in your DSLR camera work? YouTube photography tutorial channel PhotoUniverse made this simple explanation that explains the concepts using a whiteboard. He quickly steps through evaluative (which uses a database of many “known” photos) and center-weighted metering before spending a good amount of time explaining spot metering and how you can use it in conjunction with AE-Lock to properly expose photographs.

If you’re already adept at handling your DSLR, you probably won’t learn anything new, but this video is great for anyone that’s just starting to dip their toes into more serious photography.

P.S. He also shares a common trick used by many photographers for metering on a sunny day: green grass can often work nicely as an 18% gray card.

(via Petapixel)

5 Tips for the Budding Travel Photographer

Let’s have a look at these five key points provided by Richard I’Anson author of Lonely Planet’s Guide to Travel Photography.

1. Get your hands on a digital SLR.
Digital SLRs will help you take high quality images with a high level of creative control and you’ll have access to a range of lenses. Previously prohibitively expensive, there are now a number of lower-cost options that will give you nearly all of the flexibility of a pricier SLR.

2. Plan ahead and research.
Before you shoot, scout out key vantage points in a city or landscape and try to pre-visualize what you want to achieve in your images. A list of what you want to capture is good; a list of how you want to capture them is even better.

3. Simple, bold compositions work best.
Move in closer to fill the frame or try placing your subject off center for a more interesting image. Avoid multiple subjects pulling the eye in different directions, and try not to clutter your shot with extraneous objects that will detract from your main subject. You might be able to ignore power lines, parking lots and garbage cans in person, but they stand out in photos.

4. Use light creatively.
Try photographing in the earlier or later parts of the day when the sun is lower and less harsh, shadows are longer, and the sky takes on interesting colors. Shooting into the light can also create interesting lighting effects and silhouettes when used properly.

5. Incorporate people into the shoot.
Be it classic portraiture, candid snaps, or cityscapes, people will liven up your travel images. In urban settings people are essential to convey the energy and story of the city. Even in rural areas, a landscape can be lovely, but a person in a landscape tells a story.

How photographers actually spend their time

In case you think photographer are always out taking pictures, spending their time traveling in very cool places and joining super cool events!
Unfortunately that’s not the case. :)

Well, the reality it’s a bit different, check the graphs below on How photographers actually spend their time. There are tons of other things, not super exciting sometimes, not strongly related in the process of composing a shot and pressing the “click!” button.

how photographers actually spend their time

Source: www.ispwp.com

Something that normally the majority of people don’t know, it’s the amount of time (serious) photographers take to edit their shots.
I’m not talking about using heavily Photoshop to create fake artifact or artistic images. That’s what other artists do, it’s their approach and their way to see the world and express it.
What I mean is the process of correcting the photos taken, taking out imperfections, creating nice black&white images. It’s something extremely important (make sure your photographer does it) that can dramatically change the result of a picture. Shooting in RAW format made it necessary, it’s like having a (old) film to develop in the (now digital) darkroom.